VOLUME 13 NUMBER 1 (January to June 2020)

PSL%202019 vol12-no02-p133-138-Mikita%20and%20Padlan

Philipp. Sci. Lett. 2020 13 (1) 28-33
available online: March 31, 2020

*Corresponding author
Email Address: aodeguia@up.edu.ph
Date received: October 18, 2018
Date revised: November 11, 2019
Date accepted: March 17, 2020


Distribution and diet of the common palm civet (Paradoxurus philippinensis) in the Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve, Luzon Island, Philippines

by Anna Pauline O. de Guia*1, Geneva Carla S. Chavez2, and Desamarie Antonette P. Fernandez1

1Animal Biology Division, Institute of Biological Sciences,
      College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines
      Los Banos, Laguna 4031, Philippines
2Graduate School, University of the Philippines Los Baños,
      Laguna, Philippines
In the Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve (MMFR) the common palm civet (Paradoxurus philippinensis) is both perceived as a carnivore which feeds on domestic animals and a frugivore which spreads coffee within the forested areas. This study aimed to determine the distribution and diet of common palm civets within the MMFR. Night transect walks/spotlighting, trapping and scat collection were conducted during the sampling periods. There was a total of four captures, one juvenile and three female adults indicating a potentially breeding population of civets in the area. Transect and trapping data concur with the number of fecal samples collected indicating that more civets occupy the higher elevations of Mt. Makiling. Figs, anahaw and wild banana were identified as the most common food items for civets across the various elevational gradients. Our results suggest that common palm civets are present in MMFR at all elevations but are mainly found within 600-900 masl of the lower montane forest, away from human dwellings. Common palm civets are thus frugivorous but spread of coffee in MMFR may not be attributed to them.

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