VOLUME 16 (Supplement)

SciEnggJ%202023%20Special%20Issue%2001 09-Banaay%20et%20al

SciEnggJ 16 (Supplement) 090-106
available online: October 31, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.54645/LIJI19166

*Corresponding author
Email Address: miguel.azcuna@g.batstate-u.edu.ph
Date received: September 2, 2023
Date revised: October 6, 2023
Date accepted: October 13, 2023


Genistein and daidzein from a sponge-associated fungus (Family: Microstromataceae) show dose and incubation time-dependent Ca2+ influx activity variation

Miguel Enrique Ma. Azcuna*1,2, Zildjian Acyatan2, Geminne Manzano2, Clairecynth Yu2, Porfirio Alexander M. Aliño2, Marvin Altamia2, Lilibeth Salvador-Reyes2,and Gisela P. Concepcion2

1Verde Island Passage Center for Oceanographic Research and Aquatic
     Life Sciences, Batangas State University ARASOF-Nasugbu, Batangas,
2Marine Science Institute, University of the Philippines Diliman,
     Quezon City, Philippines

KEYWORDS: sponge fungi; dorsal-root-ganglion; DRGs; neuroprotective; sponge symbiosis

The compounds genistein and daidzein were obtained from the broth culture of a fungus isolated from the Philippine blue sponge Xestospongia sp. Genomic sequencing (18S rRNA) resulted in no exact hits and low sequence similarity (91%) to two species of fungi under the family Microstromataceae: Sympodiomycopsis vantaiensis and Microstromatales sp. Genistein has gained attention in recent years because of its potential to delay the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. This is the first report of genistein and daidzein isolated from a marine-derived fungus. Genistein and daidzein have a wide range of biological activities (e.g., neuroprotective, antimicrobial, anticancer), and this study reports a variation in intracellular [Ca2+] levels in dorsal root ganglion cells (DRGs) post-administration depending on dose and incubation time. An incubation time of 10 min resulted in a block effect, which was evidenced by decreased intracellular [Ca2+] levels. A dose-response was observed as the intensity of intracellular [Ca2+] decreased further at a higher dose. Conversely, an incubation time of 5 min resulted in an increase effect which was evidenced by decreased intracellular [Ca2+] levels. The similarity of these compounds with potent estrogens indicates that estrogen-mediated receptor signaling is the mechanism of action for the increase effect. The block effect, however, could be caused by a variety of factors, such as neurotoxicity or an ER stress response that results in the release of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins. These findings confirm the ability of genistein to regulate [Ca2+] influx and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. Further studies should investigate these mechanisms to understand the neuroprotective activities of genistein and daidzein.

© 2024 SciEnggJ
Philippine-American Academy of Science and Engineering